Tue15Nov20164:00 pmLewis Hall 101
Center for Relativistic Astrophysics
Georgia Institute of Technology
The Coincidence Between Gamma-Ray Bursts and Gravitational Waves: the Dawn of the Multi-Messenger Era!
Last year, while we celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Theory of the General Relativity of Einstein, we also detected the first direct observation of Gravitational Waves. LIGO opened the new area of Gravitational Wave Astrophysics with the detection of the coalescence of two black holes. Neutron star mergers (either double neutron star or neutron star - black hole systems) and collapsing massive stars are the next candidates for the detection of Gravitational Waves. They are though to be also the progenitor of respectively short and long Gamma-Ray Bursts. A detection in coincidence of both the Gravitational Waves and the electromagnetic emission would open the era of multimessenger astrophysics.
To detect those coincidences between GRB and GW, LIGO uses a different analysis that searches for a GW triggers coincident within some time window and sky position of a GRB in nearly real time thanks to the GCN sent by the satellite. We estimated the rate of coincident events that could be detected during the next run of O2 using observations in one hand and Monte Carlo simulations on the other. The small number of coincidence could be improved by using the untriggered GRBs missed by the Fermi GBM satellite. Thanks to a new code developed by the GBM team, we will discuss about the new kind of coincident detection that we could obtain.
This talk will describe the search of Gravitational Waves associated to GRBs. We will show the motivations and analysis made for the untriggered searches as well as the implication of those untriggered GRB on the expected rate of coincident event, the classification of long and short GRBs, and the possible new kind of progenitor for short GRBs at low redshift.