Mon04Mar20194:00 pmNCPA Auditorium
Colloquium: Reviving the Poltergeist - Bringing Water-Based Neutrino Experiments into the Precision Era with Efficient Neutron Detection
Department of Physics & Astronomy
Iowa State University
Reviving the Poltergeist: Bringing Water-Based Neutrino Experiments into the Precision Era with Efficient Neutron Detection
Advances in water-based neutrino-detection technology are setting the stage for a new generation of detectors to answer questions about the nature of matter in the universe and to make our world a safer place. Leading the way in these new technologies is the Accelerator Neutrino Neutron Interaction Experiment (ANNIE) at Fermilab. ANNIE will revisit the use of neutron capturing salts, pioneered in the first experiment to detect the neutrino, to detect the number of neutrons produced in GeV-scale neutrino interactions. This measurement, the first on a neutrino beam, will help push future neutrino-oscillation experiments into the precision era by separating quasi-elastic charged-current interactions from more complicated many-body neutrino interactions and thus improving the models of neutron production in neutrino interactions. The WATCHMAN experiment, under construction in the UK, will use the same technology at a much larger scale to demonstrate the ability to remotely monitor nuclear reactors from tens of kilometers away. This demonstration will enable remote reactor monitoring to be a part of future nuclear nonproliferation treaties. In this talk, I will describe the ANNIE and WATCHMAN experiments along with their impacts on detector technology development toward future large multipurpose neutrino detectors like Theia.